10 best over the counter Acne Medication 2018 Reviews
Despite Acne being a disorder that affects millions of people across the globe, most people lack proper information on acne treatment and how to get rid of acne scars fast.
Best acne treatments are available and have proven to work. However, acne can be persistent and irritating. You will find that bumps and pimples heal slowly and when some fade away, other start to crop.
Acne can occur on your face, chest, back, neck, arms, buttocks or any other area of your skin with a saturation of sebaceous pores. It can result to permanent scars leading to emotional agony to the affected persons.
To avoid emotional distress, I recommend early treatment using the best acne scar treatment. However, we can’t treat an ailment before understanding what it entails. Let’s first answer the question below.
What is acne?
Acne can be referred to as a skin disorder that occur when the pore on the surface of the skin become blocked with dead skin cells, oil, and bacteria.
It is vital to note that each pore on your skin opens up to a follicle underneath the epidermis. Beneath the follicles lie a singular hair and a sebaceous gland. The gland generates sebum, oil designed to keep your skin soft and lubricated.
Nonetheless, hormonal alteration and other aspects cause the gland to generate excess of sebum. The oil will be pushed through the follicle and may collect dead skin cells on its way out.
If the substances bundle together, a bung or a block will form. The plug will start to press up against the facade of the skin.
Your body will respond with an accumulation of white and red blood cells to combat any infection resulting to some form of redness and inflammation called acne.
Types of Acne
Blackheads – they are dark bump on the skin commonly seen on the nose area. They’re formed as a result of blocked follicles.
Whiteheads – this is a blocked follicles enclosed by a thin layer of skin that appear as spots or white bumps.
Papules – This are inflamed lesions that may appear red and can be sore and sensitive
Pustules – They may appear yellow or white and they are generally filled with pus.
Nodules –They are harsh type of acne lesion that forms under the skin. They don’t usually contain pus but they are hard to the touch.
Cysts – they are severe types of acne lesion that are filled with pus and are very painful. They require medical attention immediately.
Acne Fulminans – It is seen in young men and it comes with symptoms such as joint ache and fever leaving scars.
Acne Mechanica – this acne results from excessive friction and heat between the skin. Typically occur in people occupied in sports who have to wear helmets, sport gears, or caps for prolonged periods of time on a regular basis.
Summary of Types of Acne
Four major causes of acne are:
- Excess production of oil
- Excess action on a Hormone
- Dead skin cells
Other Factors that may worsen Acne
- Hormones-There is a hormone called androgen that increases in girls and boys during puberty. It causes the sebaceous glands to increase resulting to more generation of sebum. Oral contraceptives and pregnancy can bring hormonal alteration that increases sebum production. Low quantities of androgens circulation in the blood of women worsen acne.
- Stress-They can make acne worse
- Certain drugs or medicines-If you take drugs that contain lithium, corticosteroids, or testosterone then you’re at the risk of worsening acne.
- Diet-Research indicates that various dietary factors such as carbohydrates (breads and chips) and soar milk may worsen acne. Chocolate has also been alleged to worsen acne. If you’re a lover of chocolate, eating the bite will only worsen the symptoms.
Some people when asked what causes acne will give some myths. Others will say its hygiene, cosmetics, or greasy foods.
- Hygiene. Acne is not caused by dirty skin. In fact, if you scrub your skin too tough or clean it with harsh chemicals or soaps exasperates the skin and worsen acne.
- Cosmetics. Different cosmetics may not necessarily aggravate acne particularly if you use oil-free makeup that doesn’t block pores.
- Greasy foods: consumption of greasy food has little or no effect on acne. However, working in a greasy workstation such as a kitchen with fry vats, as the oil can stick to the skin and clock the pores leading to irritation in the skin that can lead to acne.
- Age: People of all ages can get acne but teenagers are the most likely people to get acne.
- Family history: Genetics cannot be ignored in this discussion. If both of your parent had acne, then you’re prone to have it.
- Stress: It doesn’t cause acne but if you have it already then it may worsen the situation.
- Pressure or friction in your skin: I can be caused by helmets, telephones, tight collars or anything that may apply pressure in your skins.
- Hormonal change: Girls, women, and teenagers and people using certain drugs are more likely to have hormonal changes that can result to acne.
Drugs that may worsen Acne
- Post-transplant medication
- Tuberculosis medication
- Birth control pills
- Mental health drugs
- Acne results when pores in your skin are blocked by dead skin cells, oil, or bacteria
- Genetics can result to some people to get acne more than the others
- It is common in adolescence or teenagers who are going through puberty
- Hormone changes can affect acne
- Certain prescribed drugs can result to acne or worsen a preexisting acne condition